London is the capital of and largest city in England and the United Kingdom, with the largest municipal population in the European Union.
London is one of the world's most important global cities and has been termed the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, innovative, sustainable, most investment friendly, most popular for work, and the most vegetarian-friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation
London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.
London contains four World Heritage Sites: The Tower of London; Kew Gardens; the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church; and the historic settlement in Greenwich where the Royal Observatory, Greenwich defines the Prime Meridian, 0° longitude, and Greenwich Mean Time. Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square and The Shard. London has numerous museums, galleries, libraries and sporting events. These include the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.
The history of food and drink has been documented extensively throughout history. UK has a rich indigenous culinary tradition its colonial history has profoundly enriched its native cooking traditions. British cuisine is the heritage of cooking traditions and practices associated with the United Kingdom.
British cuisine absorbed the cultural influences of its post-colonial territories – those of South Asia.
In ancient times Celtic agriculture and animal breeding produced a wide variety of foodstuffs for the indigenous Celts and Britons. Anglo-Saxon England developed meat and savoury herb stewing techniques before the practice became common in Europe. The Norman conquest introduced exotic spices into England in the Middle Ages. The British Empire facilitated a knowledge of Indian cuisine with its "strong, penetrating spices and herbs.
The history of Britain has played a large part in its traditions, its culture – and its food. The Romans for instance brought us cherries, stinging nettles (to be used as a salad vegetable), cabbages and peas, as well as improving the cultivation of crops such as corn. And they brought us wine!
The Worshipful Company of Brewers is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. London brewers are known to have organised as a group in the 13th century. Their first royal charter was granted by Henry VI in 1438.
The Saxons were excellent farmers and cultivated a wide variety of herbs. These were not used just for flavour as they are today but were used as bulk to pad out stews. The Vikings and Danes brought us the techniques for smoking and drying fish.
London has a rich food history and many historical sites are still open for business
Centre for Translational Nutrition and Food Research
City, University of London
Institute of Food Science & Technology
SOAS University of London (School of Oriental and African Studies)
London Clinic of Nutrition
London Dietitians Clinic
Spire St. Anthony's Hospital
UK Obesity rates are the highest in Europe with more than 60% of the population overweight or obese. If trends continue 40% of the UK population will be obese by 2025.
Many interventions deployed by health systems have failed to improve healthy behaviour in a sustained way over the life cycle.
For basic biological research into nutrition to be used to maintain and improve health and wellbeing, it is key to understand how food and nutrition interplay with physiology, preferences, psychology, socio-economic variables, behaviour and policy interventions.
Food science is defined as the discipline in which the engineering, biological, and physical sciences are used to study the nature of foods, the causes of deterioration, the principles underlying food processing, and the improvement of foods for the consuming public.
Food science brings together multiple scientific disciplines. It incorporates concepts from fields such as chemistry, physics, physiology, microbiology, biochemistry. Food technology incorporates concepts from chemical engineering also.
Number of Registered Dieticians in London- 8,828
Bachelor's Degrees in Food Sciences in United Kingdom -63
Language : The official language of the Conference is English. All abstract submissions and presentations should be in English.
Sydney TIME ZONE : Time zone in London, UK (GMT+1)
London has a temperate oceanic climate, with warm summers and cool winters. While the city annually has modest precipitation, there are long periods of overcast skies and frequent light mist-type precipitation, which may account for the rainy image of the city.
The best time to visit London is March through May when the temperatures are mild and the city's parks are green and blooming.
The official currency of the United Kingdom is the pound sterling, known as the pound (£, GBP). Each pound is divided into 100 pence (100p = £1).
In the United Kingdom, the sales tax rate is a tax charged to consumers based on the purchase price of certain goods and services
The Sales Tax Rate in the United Kingdom stands at 20 percent. Sales Tax Rate in the United Kingdom averaged 16.77 percent from 1977 until 2019, reaching an all-time high of 20 percent in 2011 and a record low of 8 percent in 1978.
For more information visit : www.customs.gov.au